There are three components necessary for the function of an electronic cigarette; if one of the three is missing or malfunctions, the device fails completely:
- A battery, or mod, that powers the device and has a means of switching power states.
- Liquid, possibly containing nicotine, which is atomized and inhaled by the user.
- The atomizer, containing the heating coil and wicking material that brings the liquid to the heating element and can store liquid for use.
E-liquid is the liquid which is heated into an aerosol in the atomizer device. The common base recipe for e-liquid is Propylene Glycol (VG), Vegetable Glycerin (VG), flavorings, and optionally Nicotine. Cloud Chemistry produces all of our liquid in a controlled, high-tech laboratory to ensure the purity and efficacy of our finished eLiquid. All of our base material is either USP grade or Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) compliant. We have many different recipes with complete control of nicotine level, VG/PG base ratio, and the ability to add menthol/ice to some flavors. Check out our e-liquid and if you don’t know where to start, try creating one yourself!
There are many types of mods, many types of tanks, and many types of drippers. The best models for people new to vaping are Evod Starter Kits and can be found in all of our stores.
There are a lot of new terms to learn when getting into vaping, and making the most of the hobby means understanding at least a few of them. Here is a glossary of some of the terms you’re likely to encounter when learning more about vaping:
- Carto Tank
- Drip Tips
- Electronic Cigarette
- Propylene Glycol (PG)
- Rebuildable Atomizer (RBA)
- Rebuildable Clearomizer
- USB Passthrough
- Variable Voltage/Variable Wattage
- Vegetable Glycerin (VG)
The battery in an e-cig supplies power to the atomizer to vaporize the e-liquid. On most personal vaporizers, there is a button that activates the battery. On other Personal Vaporizers, there is an airflow sensor that detects when the user is hitting the e-cig and turns the battery on to provide power to the vaporizer. Another consideration when choosing a battery is whether you want a built-in battery or a removable battery. eGo type devices have a built-in battery – the button and battery are all one piece. The standard eGo battery screws into a charger, which can be plugged into a USB port or a wall charger. The Mods and APVs generally come with removable batteries – the battery cup unscrews and the batteries are taken out and plugged into the provided wall charger.
The atomizer is the heating element of an electronic cigarette that produces the vapor. See our selection of atomizers here.
A cartomizer is like two devices in one. It combines the atomizer (which vaporizes the e-liquid) with the cartridge (what holds the e-liquid). Many vapers feel that cartomizers offer advantages over the atomizer/cartridge combination. The primary advantage is the cartomizer can hold much more e-liquid than a cartridge. Many cartomizers can hold up to 1.4 – 1.6 ml of e-liquid. Some even claim to hold up to two ml of e-liquid. Since cartomizers hold much more fluid, you spend less time refilling them than you would cartridges. You fill your cartomizer and you are “off to the races” so to speak. A cartomizer can easily last all day if you are a moderate vaper and are handy if you are driving or in a situation where it would be inconvenient to refill a cartridge. (For even more capacity, see Clearomizers, below!)
Cartomizers come in various styles. Some have polyfill in them, while others have a ceramic “tank” that holds the e-liquid. It’s a matter of personal preference: they all do the same thing. Cartomizers are another weapon in your vaping “arsenal.” They are constantly being improved. Any vaper would be wise to give them a try to see how they might fit into their own routine.
A tank that is placed over a cartomizer, with one or more holes punched in the wall, which replenishes the filler material with e-liquid. Pre-punched, flanged, cartos can be found here.
The cartridge, or cart, is the portion of an e-cigarette that holds the e-liquid that is vaporized and provides nicotine to the user. One cartridge option is a refillable cartridge. Refillable cartridges contain a white polyester-type material that holds the e-liquid. Another option is a pre-filled cartridge. Pre-filled cartridges have a small foil cap that is ruptured when placed onto the e-cig. This allows the atomizer to make contact with the liquid to produce vapor. Pre-filled carts are generally more expensive than buying e-liquid. See 510 refillable cartridges.
A device that transports stored liquid to the heating coil via wicking material, most commonly silica. The heating coil can be either on the top or the bottom of the device. These are generally easier to fill and better for beginners, although experienced vapors use them as well. Popular bottom fed clearomizers include the Aspire Nautilus and the Kager Aerotank line.
Dripping is the act of dripping e-liquid straight onto the atomizer. This generally provides bigger hits with more vapor. Dripping is often used as an alternative to cartridges, but it can also be used in combination with cartridges to provide the best of both methods.
Drip tips allow the user to drip e-liquid straight onto the atomizer without removing the tip. A drip tip is used instead of a cartridge and, in our experience, provides bigger hits. Think of it like taking the muffler off of your car. See our selection of drip tips here!
(Note: Drip Tips are fitted for specific atomizers and cartomizers. Check to make sure you have the correct drip tip for your 510, 801, 901, or 306 atomizers/cartomizers.)
Variously referred to as e-liquid, e liquid, liquid, e-juice, e juice, or juice, e-liquid is the solution that is vaporized and provides flavor and nicotine to the user. E-liquid is often made of propylene glycol, vegetable glycerin, nicotine, and flavor. Some e-liquid retailers are selling e-liquid made in China. These e-liquids tend to have generic and poor flavor. For more information on how our US-made high-quality e-liquid compares to the competition, see Our E-Liquid.
Propylene Glycol (PG)
A base ingredient in e-liquid that carries the flavoring and nicotine. It does not produce vapor well. For more information about PG, see our article What is PG and VG?
Rebuildable Atomizer (RBA)
An atomizer in which the user wraps their own coil and around a hand-made wick (usually silica, stainless steel mesh, or ceramic). Sometimes RBAs are called either RTA or RDA depending on the function: RTA refers to a rebuildable atomizer fed by a tank that holds a set amount of e-liquid, while RDA refers to a rebuildable atomizer that is used for dripping.
A USB passthrough is a device that connects to your atomizer and plugs into a USB port, bypassing the battery and allowing you to vape at your desk or in your car without using a battery.
Variable Voltage/Variable Wattage
Some devices offer the ability to adjust your voltage or wattage to fine-tune the hit you get. Through altering the heat produced by your atomizer, you can increase or decrease the amount of vapor and alter the flavor.
Vegetable Glycerin (VG)
A base ingredient in e-liquid that thickens the juice and produces vapor. It does not carry flavor as well as Propylene Glycol, so increasing the VG content will provide more vapor while muting flavor. For more information about VG, see What is PG and VG?